Firearms Safety Rules: Most Important 10 Rules to Handle Firearms

10 Rules to Handle Firearms

The right of the people to keep and bear arms means that they are also responsible citizens who know to handle and maintain their firearms safely.

Since the men a long time ago perceived all the terrifying power of firearms, they have introduced rules of Firearm Safety. We have no doubt those members of the gun community know and abide by the rules of safe gun handling, but it never hurt to remind ourselves again. 

The guns are dangerous and can cause severe injury or death if they used inappropriately and there is no excuse for the careless or abusive handling of your firearm.

The guns are not toys so every firearm owner accepts a demanding responsibility, which can be the difference between life and death. When the bullet leaves the barrel only you are responsible so always be sure that your bullet will not hurt anyone or anything you do not intend to shoot.

We could make an exhaustive list of firearm safety rules, as we can never have enough safety but there are four (4) basic rules for safe firearm handling.

Firearm Safety: 4 Rules to Handle Firearm

  • 1
    Treat every Firearm as if it were loaded.
  • 2
    Always keep the muzzle pointed in a safe direction.
  • 3
    Keep your fingers off the trigger.
  • 4
    Know your target and what is beyond it.

1. Treat every Firearm as if it were loaded.

Although the loaded gun has no place in or near home or vehicle and the firearms only should be loaded when you ready to shoot, the accidents happen because of violating this particular rule. 

This is the reason why you might have heard the phrase "Unloaded Guns Can Kill", and this is why many people have been killed by guns they ‘thought’ are unloaded. The recognition mark of an experienced gun handler is visual checking of the magazine, chamber and receiver to be sure they do not contain any ammunition. 

Whenever you handle a firearm or hand it to someone - always check it for yourself and make sure it is unloaded.

2. Always keep the muzzle pointed in a safe direction.

This rule is maybe more important than the first, as it enforces awareness of the direction the muzzle. In short, you should never turn your gun at anything you don't intend to shoot. 

If it still comes to the firearm discharging no injury can occur as long as the muzzle is pointing in a safe direction. This rule should become a habit particularly during loading or unloading a firearm. 

Common sense may dictate you the safest direction which depends on different circumstances but never at anyone or anything you do not intend to destroy.

3. Keep your fingers off the trigger.

While almost all modern guns are equipped with some kind of safety, you should notice that any safety is a mechanical device which can fail. 

Besides, by mistake, the safety may be “off” when you think it is “on.” In order to eliminate the possibility of negligent discharges, you should never place a finger on the trigger, unless you are planning to fire the firearm.

4. Know your target and what is beyond it.

Compliance with this rule is of vital importance for hunters and reinforces positive identification of your target. The modern hunting is one of the safest human activities if the participants comply with the rules and know their line of fire, their target and what lies beyond their target. 

The crude truth is that there are no second chances with a gun and no one can call a shot back, so you have to avoid shooting at suspicious noiseor a movement behind the bushes without being absolutely certain of what you are shooting at. 

Before squeezing the trigger, you should be absolutely sure of your target and where your shot will stop. The ultimate lethal range for a tiny .22 rimfire round is up to a mile while some centerfire bullets can be dangerous at almost five miles. 

Thus rule #4 is always essential. In addition, you should avoid firing randomly into the sky as well as water or other surfaces which can cause ricochets.

Other Rules to Keep in Mind

  • Besides these 4 basic rules, there are many other principles and standards you should adhere to, and they are concerned safe storage, transportation and safeguarding of your personal firearms. You are responsible for any misuse of your firearm 24 hours a day, so whenever your firearm is not in use, you must always store your weapon and ammunition separately and keep it unloaded and locked.
  • When transporting your firearm, many jurisdictions requested the gun is unloaded and locked. Depending on the state, an only legal way of transporting your firearm may be in the disassembled form or pulled out the magazine.
  • Since the commercial weapons are designed and proof tested to standards based upon those of factory-loaded ammunition you should only use the correct ammo for your firearm. It means you should avoid reloaded as well as damaged or substandard ammunition as it can destroy your weapon and cause serious personal injury.
  • check
    Before you load your firearm, be sure the barrel is clear of any obstruction as the smallest bit of dirt can cause injury to yourself and bystander. Few my old colleagues have a habit of blowing down the barrel before loading the gun.
  • check
    For hunting safety, the rule is to never climb over anything or cross obstacles with a loaded firearm in your hand.

There are a lot of other warnings and rules, but only with procedure repetition, you are getting your safe gun-handling habits that will ensure the safe use of your firearm. However, by extension of these four rules, all other mistakes associated with firearms are eliminated. 

This list of the safety procedures is created to train you alone in safe gun handling and storage, but you can also improve yourself by enrolling in hunter safety or shooting safety courses.

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Andrew Garfield

Andrew is a predator. Have years of experience in hunting with a lot of expert knowledge in hunting technique, rifle, scopes and other tools of types of equipment that used for hunting.

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